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Get started with referencing

Harvard Referencing

Norwich University of the Arts uses ‘Cite Them Right’ Harvard referencing, which is a two part system:

1. In-text citations

An in-text citation shows the author’s surname, the copyright year and (if applicable) the page number(s) of the resource you used. They are inserted into the main text of your essay. For example:

(Smith, 2017, p. 10).

2. Bibliography

The bibliography is a  list of all the resources you have used in your essay. It should contain enough information for your lecturer to find the original resource. The bibliography appears at the end of your report, in alphabetical order by surname.

Where to start?

Get started with our quick reference guide:

Harvard referencing quick start guide Harvard quick guide

For more detailed guidance, download the full Norwich University of the Arts Harvard referencing guide:

Harvard referencing full guide

For a list of how to reference different types of sources use our referencing examples page.

Borrow the book from the library! We have several copies of Cite Them Right in stock.

Take our introduction to referencing online workshop. You can learn the basics to referencing in less than half an hour.

Ask us – library staff are always happy to help you with your referencing queries and point you in the right direction. Email us at to ask your librarian.

Why reference?

Referencing is an important part of your degree for many reasons:

  • to acknowledge the ideas of others
  • to add credibility to your work
  • to demonstrate how widely you have researched your topic
  • to show that your research includes academic sources
  • to avoid plagiarism.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is using someone else’s work without referring to or citing the work. By doing this, even unintentionally, you risk being accused of passing it off as your own. By using Harvard referencing you can ensure that you include an in-text citation every time you refer to someone else’s work, ensuring that you are acknowledging that the work/ideas are not your own. This applies to both written AND visual sources. It is very important to ensure that you always acknowledge other people’s work and do not copy it or pretend it is yours. This short video from Brock University Library (2014) explains more:

Brock University Library (2014) What is plagiarism and how to avoid it. Available at: (Accessed: 21 February 2020).

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